Google marks 90th birth anniversary of Japanese statistician Hirotugu Akaike with a doodle


 



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Akaike devised an equation that helps identify 
the statistical model likely to be the closest 
to the truth.

Google on Sunday marked the 90th birth 
anniversary of Japanese statistician Hirotugu 
Akaike with a doodle. Born on November 5, 1927, 
Akaike is credited with the formulation of the 
“Akaike information criterion”, which helps 
predict which statistical model out of many 
will be the closest to the actual truth.

He devised the method after two decades of 
research, which he began in the 1950s. In 2006, 
Akaike received the Kyoto Prize for his 
contributions to statistical science. He died 
in August 2009.

The doodle will appear to users in Argentina, 
Australia, Belarus, Cuba, Estonia, Greece, 
Iceland, India, Japan, New Zealand, Peru, 
Portugal and Sweden.

The doodle has Akaikes sketch with a graph 
showing statistical curves and approximations 
of mathematical functions in the background.

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 Tweet
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 Reddit
 Share
 Tweet
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Two individuals, with sombre faces, are 
immersed in conversation in a sunlit classroom. 
This image is the theme across WHOs 2017 
campaign Depression: lets talk that aims to 
encourage people suffering from depression or 
anxiety to seek help and get assistance. The 
fact that depression is the theme of World 
Health Day 2017 indicates the growing global 
awareness of mental health. This 
intensification of the discourse on mental 
health unfortunately coincides with the global 
rise in mental illness. According to the latest 
estimates from WHO, more than 300 million 
people across the globe are suffering from 
depression, an increase of 18% between 2005 and 
2015.

In India, the National Mental Health Survey of 
India, 2015-16, conducted by the National 
Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences 
(NIMHANS) revealed the prevalence of mental 
disorders in 13.7% of the surveyed population. 
The survey also highlighted that common mental 
disorders including depression, anxiety 
disorders and substance use disorders affect 
nearly 10% of the population, with 1 in 20 
people in India suffering from depression. 
Perhaps the most crucial finding from this 
survey is the disclosure of a huge treatment 
gap that remains very high in our country and 
even worse in rural areas.

According to the National Mental Health 
Programme, basic psychiatric care is mandated 
to be provided in every primary health centre – 
the state run rural healthcare clinics that are 
the most basic units of Indias public health 
system. The government provides basic training 
for all primary health centre doctors, and pays 
for psychiatric medication to be stocked and 
available to patients. Despite this mandate, 
the implementation of mental health services in 
rural parts of the country continues to be 
riddled with difficulties:

Attitudinal barriers
In some rural parts of the country, a heavy 
social stigma exists against mental illness – 
this has been documented in many studies 
including the NIMHANS study mentioned earlier. 
Mental illness is considered to be the 
“possession of an evil spirit in an 
individual”. To rid the individual of this evil 
spirit, patients or family members rely on 
traditional healers or religious practitioners. 
Lack of awareness on mental disorders has led 
to further strengthening of this stigma. Most 
families refuse to acknowledge the presence of 
a mental disorder to save themselves from the 
discrimination in the community.

Lack of healthcare services
The average national deficit of trained 
psychiatrists in India is estimated to be 77% 
(0.2 psychiatrists per 1,00,000 population) – 
this shows the scale of the problem across 
rural and urban India. The absence of mental 
healthcare infrastructure compounds the public 
health problem as many individuals living with 
mental disorders remain untreated.

Economic burden
The scarcity of healthcare services also means 
that poor families have to travel great 
distances to get good mental healthcare. They 
are often unable to afford the cost of 
transportation to medical centres that provide 
treatment.

After focussed efforts towards awareness 
building on mental health in India, The Live 
Love Laugh Foundation (TLLLF), founded by 
Deepika Padukone, is steering its cause towards 
understanding mental health of rural India. 
TLLLF has joined forces with The Association of 
People with Disability (APD), a non-
governmental organisation working in the field 
of disability for the last 57 years to work 
towards ensuring quality treatment for the 
rural population living with mental disorders.

APDs intervention strategy starts with surveys 
to identify individuals suffering from mental 
illnesses. The identified individuals and 
families are then directed to the local Primary 
Healthcare Centres. In the background, APD 
capacity building programs work simultaneously 
to create awareness about mental illnesses 
amongst community workers (ASHA workers, 
Village Rehabilitation Workers and General 
Physicians) in the area. The whole complex 
process involves creating the social acceptance 
of mental health conditions and motivating them 
to approach healthcare specialists.
When mental health patients are finally free of 
social barriers and seeking help, APD also 
mobilises its network to make treatments 
accessible and affordable. The organisation 
coordinates psychiatrists visits to camps and 
local healthcare centres and ensures that the 
necessary medicines are well stocked and free 
medicines are available to the patients.

We spent a lot of money for treatment and 
travel. We visited Shivamogha Manasa and 
Dharwad Hospital for getting treatment. We were 
not able to continue the treatment for long as 
we are poor. We suffered economic burden 
because of the long- distance travel required 
for the treatment. Now we are getting quality 
psychiatric service near our village. We are 
getting free medication in taluk and Primary 
Healthcare Centres resulting in less economic 
stress.

— A parents experience at an APD treatment 
camp.
In the two years TLLLF has partnered with APD, 
892 and individuals with mental health concerns 
have been treated in the districts of Kolar, 
Davangere, Chikkaballapur and Bijapur in 
Karnataka. Over 4620 students participated in 
awareness building sessions. TLLLF and APD have 
also secured the participation of 810 community 
health workers including ASHA workers in the 
mental health awareness projects - a crucial 
victory as these workers play an important role 
in spreading awareness about health. Post 
treatment, 155 patients have resumed their 
previous occupations.

To mark World Mental Health Day, 2017, a team 
from TLLLF lead by Deepika Padukone visited 
program participants in the Davengere district
Oct 13, 2017 • 07:08 pm
 Share
 Tweet
 Email
 Reddit
 Share
 Tweet
 Email
 Reddit
Two individuals, with sombre faces, are 
immersed in conversation in a sunlit classroom. 
This image is the theme across WHOs 2017 
campaign Depression: lets talk that aims to 
encourage people suffering from depression or 
anxiety to seek help and get assistance. The 
fact that depression is the theme of World 
Health Day 2017 indicates the growing global 
awareness of mental health. This 
intensification of the discourse on mental 
health unfortunately coincides with the global 
rise in mental illness. According to the latest 
estimates from WHO, more than 300 million 
people across the globe are suffering from 
depression, an increase of 18% between 2005 and 
2015.

In India, the National Mental Health Survey of 
India, 2015-16, conducted by the National 
Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences 
(NIMHANS) revealed the prevalence of mental 
disorders in 13.7% of the surveyed population. 
The survey also highlighted that common mental 
disorders including depression, anxiety 
disorders and substance use disorders affect 
nearly 10% of the population, with 1 in 20 
people in India suffering from depression. 
Perhaps the most crucial finding from this 
survey is the disclosure of a huge treatment 
gap that remains very high in our country and 
even worse in rural areas.

According to the National Mental Health 
Programme, basic psychiatric care is mandated 
to be provided in every primary health centre – 
the state run rural healthcare clinics that are 
the most basic units of Indias public health 
system. The government provides basic training 
for all primary health centre doctors, and pays 
for psychiatric medication to be stocked and 
available to patients. Despite this mandate, 
the implementation of mental health services in 
rural parts of the country continues to be 
riddled with difficulties:

Attitudinal barriers
In some rural parts of the country, a heavy 
social stigma exists against mental illness – 
this has been documented in many studies 
including the NIMHANS study mentioned earlier. 
Mental illness is considered to be the 
“possession of an evil spirit in an 
individual”. To rid the individual of this evil 
spirit, patients or family members rely on 
traditional healers or religious practitioners. 
Lack of awareness on mental disorders has led 
to further strengthening of this stigma. Most 
families refuse to acknowledge the presence of 
a mental disorder to save themselves from the 
discrimination in the community.

Lack of healthcare services
The average national deficit of trained 
psychiatrists in India is estimated to be 77% 
(0.2 psychiatrists per 1,00,000 population) – 
this shows the scale of the problem across 
rural and urban India. The absence of mental 
healthcare infrastructure compounds the public 
health problem as many individuals living with 
mental disorders remain untreated.

Economic burden
The scarcity of healthcare services also means 
that poor families have to travel great 
distances to get good mental healthcare. They 
are often unable to afford the cost of 
transportation to medical centres that provide 
treatment.

After focussed efforts towards awareness 
building on mental health in India, The Live 
Love Laugh Foundation (TLLLF), founded by 
Deepika Padukone, is steering its cause towards 
understanding mental health of rural India. 
TLLLF has joined forces with The Association of 
People with Disability (APD), a non-
governmental organisation working in the field 
of disability for the last 57 years to work 
towards ensuring quality treatment for the 
rural population living with mental disorders.

APDs intervention strategy starts with surveys 
to identify individuals suffering from mental 
illnesses. The identified individuals and 
families are then directed to the local Primary 
Healthcare Centres. In the background, APD 
capacity building programs work simultaneously 
to create awareness about mental illnesses 
amongst community workers (ASHA workers, 
Village Rehabilitation Workers and General 
Physicians) in the area. The whole complex 
process involves creating the social acceptance 
of mental health conditions and motivating them 
to approach healthcare specialists.

Participants of the program. 
Participants of the program.
When mental health patients are finally free of 
social barriers and seeking help, APD also 
mobilises its network to make treatments 
accessible and affordable. The organisation 
coordinates psychiatrists visits to camps and 
local healthcare centres and ensures that the 
necessary medicines are well stocked and free 
medicines are available to the patients.

We spent a lot of money for treatment and 
travel. We visited Shivamogha Manasa and 
Dharwad Hospital for getting treatment. We were 
not able to continue the treatment for long as 
we are poor. We suffered economic burden 
because of the long- distance travel required 
for the treatment. Now we are getting quality 
psychiatric service near our village. We are 
getting free medication in taluk and Primary 
Healthcare Centres resulting in less economic 
stress.

— A parents experience at an APD treatment 
camp.
In the two years TLLLF has partnered with APD, 
892 and individuals with mental health concerns 
have been treated in the districts of Kolar, 
Davangere, Chikkaballapur and Bijapur in 
Karnataka. Over 4620 students participated in 
awareness building sessions. TLLLF and APD have 
also secured the participation of 810 community 
health workers including ASHA workers in the 
mental health awareness projects - a crucial 
victory as these workers play an important role 
in spreading awareness about health. Post 
treatment, 155 patients have resumed their 
previous occupations.

To mark World Mental Health Day, 2017, a team 
from TLLLF lead by Deepika Padukone visited 
program participants in the Davengere district.

Sessions on World Mental Health Day, 2017.
Sessions on World Mental Health Day, 2017.
In the face of a mental health crisis, it is 
essential to overcome the treatment gap present 
across the country, rural and urban. While 
awareness campaigns attempt to destigmatise 
mental disorders, policymakers need to make 
treatment accessible and cost effective. Until 
then, organisations like TLLLF and APD are 
doing what they can to create an environment 
that acknowledges and supports people who live 
with mental disorders. To know more, see here.

This article was produced by the Scroll 
marketing team on behalf of The Live Love Laugh 
Foundation and not by the Scroll editorial 
team.
 
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Google marks 90th birth anniversary of Japanese statistician Hirotugu Akaike with a doodle



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